cowpea meaning in odia

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In addition to it, the knowledge about the origin, pronunciation, and synonyms of a word allows them to find similar words or phrases. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. The Odia vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Retaliation meaning in Odia – ପ୍ରତିଶୋଧ Noun. Computers with windows 7 or higher usually have Kalinga font installed. This is the smarter way of online learning. Gives clear and precise meanings as also synonyms in English and Odia, with a wide coverage of patterns of practical usage; Covers variant spellings; Incorporates useful appendices on irregular verbs, numbers, metric measures, Roman numerals, SI units, chemical elements and family relationships; View larger . [26] Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. Lobiya. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. n. The seed of one or more leguminous plants of the genus Dolichos; also, the plant itself. [40] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. Human translations with examples: అలసంద, alasanda. ସହଯୋଗର ହାତ ବଢ଼ାନ୍ତୁ - ପୁରୁଣା ବହିପତ୍ର ଅମର କରନ୍ତୁ! [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. Jav. Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words. Look it up now! [13][25], Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand. Rar. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. [30] Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses,, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Odia words are found in the 2nd century B.C Jaugada inscriptions of emperor Ashoka and 1st century B.C Khandagiri inscriptions of emperor Kharavela. ‘Though written in Hindi, the words are Odia and pronunciation is also in Odia.’ ‘He barely speaks Odia, remains reticent, a recluse.’ ‘The speaker of the house ordered Rao to make statements only in English or the local language, Odia.’ ‘Odia, a 2,500 year old language, has recently gained the status of … Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. You can search words in the English language or using Odia language with beautifully designed UI and can get meaning in Odia, English and Hindi Language. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. Otherwise such fonts can be downloaded free and used – please see the ‘resources’ section for details. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. Odia language, Indo-Aryan language of the eastern group. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. [56] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. wild cow peas, Vigna unguiculata. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. 1 English. K.M. [13] From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. Click on the matra after the alphabet as needed, [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. 3. Learn more. [60][61] They can also be processed into a paste or flour. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). [54] Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. Submit. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. Odia Dictionary (New) One of the Best Odia Dictionary in play store. [12][15], The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. Walp. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. [6] Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean. Information and translations of Cowpea in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. Learn to speak Odia through Hindi. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. Cowpea Definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele Contextual translation of "toordal meaning in odia" into Hindi. [34], Storage of the seeds can be problematic in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests. Patnaik & B. K. Tripathy … It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [17], A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. It is a ‘scheduled’ language of India and the main official language of the state of Odisha, where its Mughalbandi dialect is the language of education. Odia Vocabulary. Odia Dictionary Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words. [40] It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. 1. click on the desired alphabet pressing the shift key if required. Erfahren Sie mehr über englische Wort: cowpea, einschließlich Aussprache, Antonym, Definition, Synonyme. After typing with the onscreen-keyboard, press down arrow (↓) key on computer keyboard to get word transfered to the dictionary search field. Typing can be done on the computer keyboard or the onscreen keyboard provided here. IPA : /ˈkaʊpiː/ Noun . cowpea. People often want to translate English words or phrases into Urdu. en Beginning in 2002 — a year after the world's largest online encyclopedia, the English Wikipedia, was launched — Odia Wikipedia has grown to be the largest content repository in the Odia language available in Unicode* on the Internet. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. [42][43] The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. [70], The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. cow +‎ pea. Copyright © 2017, Srujanika | Powered by WordPress | Theme Expound Child. [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Cowpea Meaning in Hindi. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea. Odia baby girl name: Meaning of names of oriya girls: Odia baby name in hindi language: Meaning of odia girl name list: Abhilipsa: Prime Wish: अभिलिप्सा : पहली इच्छा: Abhipsa: Want, Wish of Heart: अभिप्सा: ख़्वाहिश, कामना: Ahladita: Pleased, Glad Odia girl name: आल्हादिता: आनंदी, प्र� Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. [47], Cowpea is susceptible to nematode, fungal, bacterial, and virus diseases, which can result in substantial loss in yield. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. [21], The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. This Odia Dictionary / Oriya Dictionary called 'Mo Abhidhana' is a free English to Odia & Odia to English Dictionary App. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. Definition of Cowpea in the dictionary. Odia definition at, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. What is the definition of cowpea? Meaning of Cowpea. [40] Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. Cowpea Meaning in Hindi is लोबिया. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. [57], Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. Origin of Cowpeas Cowpeas Means. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. [71] The Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and Mali. [38], Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. Join hands with us - Immortalise old books and magazines! [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. [55] Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. [12][13] The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. [28] The first written references to the cowpea were in 300 BC and they probably reached Central and North America during the slave trade through the 17th to early 19th centuries. Lobiya: लोबिया: Definitions of Cowpea. "Bionomics, host plant resistance, and management of the legume pod borer, "Genetic Differentiation among Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations on Cultivated Cowpea and Wild Host Plants: Implications for Insect Resistance Management and Biological Control Strategies", "Pest management practices in cowpea: a review", "Effects of Transgenic Cry1Ac + CpTI Cotton on Non-Target Mealybug Pest, "Screening for Drought Tolerance in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) at Seedling Stage under Screen House Condition", "Diversity of Drought Tolerance in the Genus Vigna", "Africa Imports - African Recipes - Red-Red Stew", "The Long and the Short of Yard-Long Beans", Cowpea research at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Network for Genetic Improvement of Cowpea for All (NGICA), Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata): Key Food and Feed Nutrients, Anti-nutrients and Other Constituents, OECD Series on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds No. 1.1 Etymology; 1.2 Pronunciation; 1.3 Noun.          Sl. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Cowpeas was not present. Typing can be done on the computer keyboard or the onscreen keyboard provided here. Pronunciation . 2. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. Fun Facts about the name Cowpeas. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. Cowpea is a noun by form. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. The dictionary can be searched by typing any word in the ‘search’ field on the right. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. [50] CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. The keyboard can be opened by clicking on the ‘କିବୋର୍ଡ/Keyboard’ button and input can be switched between Odia/English by clicking on the language button. K.M. See more. [44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Cowpea meaning in Hindi is Lobiya. [12] However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. All 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. English translation along with definitions is also mentioned. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. [29] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Contents. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. Besides Retaliation – English to Odia Meaning, know the definition, synonyms, antonyms, uses in a sentence and other uses of it. Contextual translation of "cowpea" into Telugu. Wiktionary plural of cowpea; Back to Top. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. To type conjunct and compound characters, use halant between two consonants, e.g., ଙ ୍ କ = ଙ୍କ, ଷ ୍ ପ = ଷ୍ପ. Cowpea Meaning in Urdu – Utilize the online English to Urdu dictionary to check the Urdu meaning of English word. Patnaik & B. K. Tripathy View larger. The dictionary can be searched by typing any word in the ‘search’ field on the right. 2. [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. Etymology . Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. 1.3.1 Translations; English .

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