wattenberger d3 react

January 16, 2021 by  
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Almost everything else is plain React and SVG. These two technologies are notoriously tricky to combine. make this clearer). pattern is just metadata for children to follow as a guideline. You almost reverse-engineered your process by looking at your end product. reviewed most of it piece by piece in the various sections above. position: fixed on the top-most element in foreignObject worked To give you a bit of context, the _large_ majority of people buy the advanced package (which really surprised me). It turns out that there is a fair bit of overlap in functionality between a React and D3 – we’ll discuss how we can create blazing fast charts using the two together. own width and height. Unless you are very intimately familiar with the API, you probably view it as a monolithic framework, and make charts by copy + pasting code from bl.ocks. At first blush, this seems like it would make any non-trivial SVG I feel like we had newspapers, and then we made the web for documents, and then we were like “Alright, we’re gonna put these newspapers on the website, and it’s gonna be great, and… That’s it. defined in one place, where it can be tweaked centrally and I think there’s just more you can do when you… for different types of elements. Did you ever have impostor syndrome writing this? There’s actually a few others, but you could tell the screen reader what to read out for every single data point. They’re all in the D3 GitHub, so I think if you go to github.com/d3 you can see all of the different modules. I started last December. Many of these are still the element types available. Most relevant for us is the transform attribute, specifically its you'll need to parameterize generic React synthetic event types with Let's learn how to move particles with forces using d3-force. helper function (and remove a previous render if there was one). In this book, she teaches all the theory and application you need to know to make badass visualizations using D3. This week we had the pleasure to be joined by Amelia Wattenberger.Amelia is a journalist-engineer working at The Pudding where she builds stuff using, among other things, Svelte! But then on the left side of the spectrum, really D3 is the lowest level that you could get, where it has a lot of utility functions that help with transforming data into visual dimensions, like turning – let’s say you’re visualizing temperature, so a lower temperature will be on the left side of the chart, and a higher temperature will be on the right side of the chart… So how do we go from temperature to pixels to the right? So the last component to refactor in Streetball Mecca is the bar chart. And then at some point we had to switch to a dark chart, moving it over to the actual site…. In this book, she teaches all the theory and application you need to know to make badass visualizations using D3. [laughs] Yeah… That is me sometimes, and so I was like “I’m gonna learn this thing for real, I’m gonna figure out why certain selectors win over other ones.” Because I think most people who have been doing web development for a while have some idea, but it had never been formalized for me. HTML, CSS, JavaScript, React. this pattern is so useful, we have a helper component to do this: Even though subdividing space like this in SVG component hierarchies Wattenberger's blog, linked above, has a separate post that's a great unwanted elements. D3 and React is like my favorite workflow for personal projects. confusingly), stroke-width instead of border-width, etc. This lets us size our SVG component however we like (e.g., Fullstack D3 and Data Visualization: Build beautiful data visualizations with D3 eBook: Wattenberger, Amelia, Murray, Nate: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store Thanks for suggesting this guest. One of the lesser-known features of SVG is that you can embed HTML their width and height, and what to render within that space. However, that kind of power and flexibility comes at the cost of complexity. My last name is Wattenberger, and it’s never used… [laughs]. Yeah, exactly. The advanced package really just tries to bring all of your new knowledge together, going over d3 + React and d3 + Angular. Registering event I would never write that book again… [laughter], Oh God, no… I don’t know if I could do that. At the end of the post, we link to a simple but functional which can be styled with CSS, can be scripted and animated, and can may be the simplest way to go. performance expectations), SVG is a good bet. So it’s kind of about specificity and how styles are applied… How the heck did you build something so complex? And as far as writing a book in general, I could never write a non-tech book. Yeah, for sure. Credits & Stuff. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. dimensions, ensuring no aspect ratio distortion. plugins, but many of them So Amelia has actually visualized the cascade with an animated waterfall. [00:24:01.20] So the hardest part for this was just going from spec to figuring out what the different tiers are. Well, thank you again, Amelia. So if you're as clever as you can be when you write it, left. The elements on the page are just two divs using Flexbox, with code snippets in them, and another div underneath with the answer. When adding elements using d3, we're hacking around React, and essentially have to fight against those optimizations. The Road to React: Your journey to master plain yet pragmatic React.js. Amelia Wattenberger is easily one of the best frontend bloggers around, and this book is as thorough, insightful and visually-well-told as her other work, i.e. and Because both layers are defined by the same data, it's fairly At the end of this journey, we'll have created a gauge component in React.js. React is, chiefly, a rendering library, and has many optimizations to keep our web apps performant. I wanna know all the details about this overview chart on the State of JS Survey… So could you walk me through your process of how you built this? They’re separated into – there’s a color module, there’s a hierarchical data module, there’s an array module that has methods for manipulating data in arrays… So you can really learn it module by module. It’s totally modularized, so there’s maybe 40 different modules that go into the D3 library. Yeah, well, congrats on that new role. This will much space the label or value to display may need. [laughter] A really long blog… A book-length blog, called a book. Here's the code: We use useLayoutEffect instead of plain useEffect since we want to Posts like this [0] show that d3 can "just generate the path" and then at that point you can use different renderers like React e.g. Build beautiful data visualizations with D3. the y position.). longer be square), but if that's not a concern in your component, this If you'd like to see all we've out this Then the thought was “How do we add a historical component to this?” and then I started with just an arrow that went through the different positions for each tool for the past four years, even though something like Svelte is new, so it only has one dot… Some of them have four dots. And you’re basically done at that point. around these issues (and has no other layout impact, since in this She's been perfecting her method of visualizing data and collecting helpful tips over her career, and is working hard to distill what she's learned to help others. Thinking in React Hooks React introduced hooks one year ago, and they've been a game-changer for a lot of developers. There's existing content written on D3, but there's always room for another voice. There’s all these three.js, WebGL examples in the browser, that I remember blowing my mind 5-10 years ago…, …so every time I explain something on my blog, I like to think through “What are ways that this might more closely match a reader’s mental model?” or ways that it might stick with them better, and what new tech is there, what can we use/abuse? D3 includes various methods to load different types of data from file or remote server such as d3.csv(), d3.json(), d3.xml() etc. …but if you don’t have a lot of time and you just wanna make a chart, and you wanna move on with your life, then don’t reach for D3; it’s not worth your time. none will ensure these are not photobombing your pointer events. be a much bigger problem than slow renders, because the former can I don’t know if there are any alternatives to D3, just because 1) it’s been around for so long, and it does what it needs to do really well… So I guess no one’s struggled enough with a specific problem that they were like “Screw it, I’m gonna make my own library.” So as far as the low-level utility functions go, I think D3 is the main one, if not the only one. component to be responsive, but we'll hand-wave around it for now; we D3’s emphasis on web standards gives you the full capabilities of modern browsers without tying yourself to a proprietary framework, combining powerful visualization components and a data-driven approach to DOM manipulation. It’s a really awesome dataset”, and I loved their design in the first place, so it was also really fun to work with them. You were close. A Fullstack Node is coming out, they have Fullstack React, Fullstack Vue, and I think…. element as well. [00:03:58.10] Yeah, so D3 stands for Data-Driven Documents, and it’s a JavaScript that is from the jQuery era; I think it’s maybe ten years old at this point, so it’s been around for a really long time. We’ll chat about all things D3, a JavaScript library for creating data visualizations, and even learn a bit about the CSS cascade. elements to build your components. Charting libraries at higher levels are easier to pick up, but less powerful… How do you help folks make the decision of like “Where do I fit in? Recently I’ve been trying out React Hooks, and had an opportunity to use them in a project to animate a data visualization rendered using SVG.The project I worked on called for a zoom in and out animation on one of the SVG’s child elements, … and height and pass those as props. Amelia Wattenberger. What are the concepts that we need to learn for this?”. It's powerful and flexible. run into rendering issues with foreignObject in some cases. big difference. should probably rethink your tooltips). DigitalOcean – DigitalOcean’s developer cloud makes it simple to launch in the cloud and scale up as you grow. special class to extend, no extra options to handle. They have a lot of fun data viz essays. Learn the way to rapidly flip data into insights with D3. I would definitely write a tech book again… It was definitely worth it, if only for the reason that over my career as working as a developer on dashboards, this really gave me a chance to take a step back and think through “What have I learned? So I’ll usually start there, just to get some kind of clarity, and then I will sketch what are the different ways that we can visualize this data? This is very useful for elements like legends or tooltips that What kind of plans do you have for the future? the tooltip) through the render prop pattern: SVG can be styled with CSS just like HTML, but note that many of the component is sized, but it allows you to work in the actual You can think of it like an HTML document where all How to learn D3.js - Amelia Wattenberger This guide shows how to build a dashboard application with React, D3.js, and Material UI. a fixed-size element, but that means your element is not responsive or simplifies things a bit. There is no SVG is an We all know that - or maybe we don’t - buttons look different in Chrome than they do in Firefox, and that’s due to the default styles that browsers have… So those button styles will never override the user styles, unless they have “important”, which I don’t know if there are any “important” browser styles; I doubt it, but I would love to know if there were, because then it would basically be browsers saying “I want this style, and you can’t do anything about it.”. There are tons of how-to introduction resources out there, but I want to talk about the fundamental mindset change when switching from React class components to function components + … Transition and active transition will win over anything else… And then below transition is anything you put “important” on, and then there’s active animations, and then underneath that all normal styles. consider. Get your $100 credit at do.co/changelog. element, so it needs to be sized explicitly (like any other element). You wrote the code, and then you were like “Okay, how do I reverse out what I just did in order to write that down?” That’s pretty cool. svg element. Yeah, so this is all built in React, and I’m the worst about linking things, but the code is actually all on GitHub, if anyone’s curious and wants to check it out. However, since both d3 and React have strong opinions about Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. here, though we It’s kind of my thing I’ve been working with this year. reference to all I’m overthinking it, I’m overthinking it…. Stories About My Journey to Become a Programmer. First of all, view it on desktop, because on mobile you’ll totally miss it. HTML; SVG has no explicit z-index.). Oh, totally. plugins in our old code, but we found they didn't fit our new The one exception is that we do use d3 selection to take advantage of But these aren’t maintained by the D3 team as we are focusing our efforts on supporting the community at Observable. The tooltip can then Fullstack D3 and Data Visualization: Build beautiful data visualizations with D3: Wattenberger, Amelia, Murray, Nate: Amazon.sg: Books But with D3 you’re actually working at a lower layer, where maybe that library is actually telling D3 what to do underneath the covers, but you’re drawing polygons, you’re drawing lines. We talk about Svelte, D3, React and loads of fun stuff. may force mouseLeave events on the component where you were In general, we've found a good approach for SVG components is to have onMouseEnter, onFocus, and onKeyUp are there. is interactive. But these aren’t maintained by the D3 team as we are focusing our efforts on supporting the community at Observable. approach, so we decided to remove them and reimplement their Yeah, so I think it comes from like – for example, the Fullstack React book is like “We’ll take you through the entire ecosystem. HTML, CSS, JavaScript, React. So Sacha asked me on Twitter if I would help do some more complicated charts, just as like a guest visualizer; like you have cameos on blog posts, and stuff like that… So I was like “Yeah, totally. I’m gonna link a couple of things down in the show notes, and I wanna talk a little bit more about some of these… But you have the coolest article I’ve ever seen on the CSS Cascade, which is how styles are applied to different HTML elements. While these certainly play well with React, for the sake of customization and expressiveness I prefer D3’s “theory of graphics”approach. Algolia’s full suite search APIs enable teams to develop unique search and discovery experiences across all platforms and devices. Plus, grouping related height are provided to our SVG element. can add your callback there. aspect ratio of the component, you'll probably want to tweak the It was his idea to do how the tools have changed over time. Hardcover $89.00 $ 89. to click events. Her work is nothing short of brilliant and she’s knocked it out of the park with Fullstack D3 and Data Visualization. It also supports an x and y offset for the coordinate system (relative What’s your process to get here? Amelia Wattenberger is a frontend developer and designer focused on data visualization. I can configure you to change your colors, and whatnot.”, Yeah, which is so nice when it works. So the last component to refactor in Streetball Mecca is the bar chart. overview of the different d3 For this survey data, for every tool - and by tool, I mean JavaScript library, like React, or Redux, or Angular, or testing libraries like Enzyme or Jasmine, or React Native… So everything that people use there is a JavaScript library, I guess we’re calling a tool. charting example based on our new charting code. mode model that's better use the useLayoutEffect hook to have d3 render the axis via the If you adjust tip If you're re-rendering a significant part of In the other, no data is rendered, but mouse events I’m curious, were you working in D3 this entire time? Chapter 14: D3 and Angular In this chapter we show how to create optimized SVG charts using D3 and Angular. that simplifies this: the group (). great overview from Sara Soueidan also makes it awkward to work with in React, and harder to script rich Fullstack D3 and Data Visualization: Build beautiful data visualizations with D3 (English Edition) eBook: Wattenberger, Amelia, Murray, Nate: Amazon.it: Kindle Store (or at least into a cryptic forest of obscure tags and esoteric …that have not been used, and people don’t have strong opinions about them… Which kind of makes sense. React and D3. But it must be understood by people. map mouse events back to the data, and only respond if the mapped data from Kent Dodds. individual element exactly where it's supposed to go. foreignObject I’m sure this site won’t age well and will be a huge pain in the butt to maintain, but it’s fun right now… [laughs] Future me will hate it, but I don’t know… I like using things like scroll events; like if you’re a certain amount down the page, then do something in like a static side panel…, Another one of these posts has a long code example. You have to know what you're doing, and it takes a long time to learn. Yeah. unset, this defaults to the actual width and height of the element). Remember Kernighan's features was worth having to write some extra code. and ellipses use cx and cy attributes instead of x and y to They are isolated in their own Axis (and when not to), and how to use it effectively in a React And those charts - I’m thrilled to be learning about D3 today. expect in an HTML component, but as you can see, it's otherwise But you can make pretty much any chart type that you want, but you’re not gonna get that easy function that’s like “Draw me a tree map.” [laughs]. browsers, including Firefox, Safari, Chrome, and Edge. width="100%"), but still work in terms of subdividing a specific with HTML. considering using d3 plugins, think about how they will integrate with overview work around this. Let's embark on a journey. is a good rule of thumb, sometimes it may not be a good fit for some Let's assume we're working with a certain explicit width and 163 | svelte.js for web-based dataviz with Amelia Wattenberger. from the parent origin (which may be another !) You can make a tree map – there’s one function to create an access, which is probably the one I miss the most when I’m not using it, because it’ll make a little line, it’ll draw each tick mark and the value, and it’ll position it correctly… So I don’t use that, I just either make an access component that creates each of those elements by hand, or just do it in-line… Like, in React you’re saying “Map over this array of elements/array of values that I’ve created, and then try each tick mark by itself.”, It both doesn’t really work well with React, where you kind of have to know which parts of the API you’re gonna be able to use. value. We stripped it down 前端技术日志 | D3.js 简介 时间:2020-08-19 18:51:12 来源: 作者:赵不寒 所属栏目: HTML5 本期刊专注于 Web 前端前沿技术,收集的内容来自于国外各大前端技术周刊,这里把自己感兴趣的,并值得分享的 … text-anchor With dozens of code examples showing each step, you can gain new insights into your data by creating visualizations. This is more complicated (it requires pulling in a dependency or tricky. It would have taken me 12 years to build this. If you draw a Canvas chart, you’re pretty much out of luck. Yeah, so you mentioned you use D3 with React… Does it integrate really nicely with other JavaScript frameworks and libraries? Go ahead and chart that. This lets us establish a new origin local to the group, offset you're not putting block-level elements in a

). We used a couple of don't really fit into "d3 for layout, React for rendering" paradigm, how will you ever debug it?". So that was really nice…. Most people use SVG. So over the next five years I had to make more and more charts… And you slowly get to know the library, but it can be really frustrating if you’ve copied and pasted the code. You have the line chart, and I assume it can do bar charts… What other kinds of things can it do? zero. So we decided to go with one, and we wanted to focus on “What’s an easy way to get an overview of the JavaScript ecosystem?” As a JavaScript developer, it’d be really nice to have kind of a bird’s eye view of how things are going, what are the different tools and who uses them. For text, it's a reference point, and the text's And yes, you can embed SVG inside this embedded HTML, and then embed Thinking in React Hooks (complete version of that D3 powered mega blogpost by Amelia Wattenberger) The Fullstack D3 e-book is the whole information to D3. The full syntax is. HTML. What are resources that can help someone understand these concepts? Well said. and positive x and y values move elements to the right and down, putting SVG elements inside an tag (just as you should ensure The bug is eleven years old and has several duplicates, so Some events are different, but many familiar ones like onClick, HTML, making it easy to build complex interactive interfaces. What did I do second? React is well known as a great tool for building complex applications So it was pretty fast, but it was also pretty intense. . What way can we visualize this that will kind of make it stick with you? In part one we create a React Context to obtain the dimensions of any React DOM node. Yeah, and we will link all of these down in the show notes. There's no if you missed it), and we would like to share how we work with SVG in One thing to note is that font Talking about the different modules, there are some modules that will just spit out – you have to do a little bit of stuff first, but they’ll spit out a circle packing diagram, or a tree map… A tree map is like when – I think the old Windows used to have these partition sizes for your different Windows partitions, or just partitions… That’s kind of what a tree map is. We'll also briefly touch on how to integrate with d3 Receive infrequent emails about interesting Postgres content around the web, new pganalyze feature releases, and new pganalyze ebooks. Have you tried them, and why is D3 so powerful? What can we do that would be cool, interesting and informative to people who read the survey?” So we actually came up with a lot of different options, some of which I’m kind of bummed that never made the final cut, just because they work so fast… I think this survey was closed, and four days later they published the site live; it was really impressive…. Do I go for D3 and just dive in, and I can be a craftsperson, and just get underneath there? lot with some plain divs writing your own hook like this) and it delays rendering until the and positioning metadata in constants at the top of the component: This may look tedious and verbose at first, but having the layout To give you a bit of context, the _large_ majority of people buy the advanced package (which really surprised me). This can get tricky if you need your So when we talk about D3’s low-levelness, or the layer of abstraction, what we’re talking about is the way you interface with that is at a more granular/lower level than you would another charting library… So if you’ve used a high-level charting library, you may say “library.linechart” and you’ll pass it a series of data, right? moving, obviously). We found this less So that’s powerful, but difficult to pick up. dispatch events on user interaction. review the salient features in the context of building UI components. Was it a style on your website, was it a style that a user has on their own browser, or is it a style specified for the browser itself? - and as you hover your mouse over them, it focuses on that type of tool, or that subsection, and they animate it and draw in the arrows as they draw across… And one thing that you notice about the front-end frameworks in general - except for Svelte, that just has a singular point - is they’re all generally getting more popular, but then moving a little bit to the left, or a lot, in a certain cases…, [00:44:19.15] Like they all do this year…, So the more popular they get, the more negative the opinions get about them… And I think that’s just the way – you know, it’s like the old Batman… It was not in Batman Returns, but “Either die a hero, or live long enough to become a villain…” That’s just what’s happening - the more popular you get, the more people are like “Meh, I’m over you, React…”, [laughs] Yeah… I think maybe JavaScript developers are strong on using and abusing their tools…. it's probably not getting fixed soon, but we found that setting Learn how to load data from file or remote server in D3.js. The way I broke it down - it has four tiers. It also takes a click callback to handle clicks on data previously tracking the mouse, forcing that element to hide them as I’m curious, when we talk about data visualization, what are the different types of – I see the overview chart you did for the State of JS Survey was obviously a really complex line chart, but what other type of data viz are there, and how do you know which one to pick? It also has detailed walkthroughs of 3 … An important part of interactivity is avoiding interactions with elements. other likely options in a React app are going to be sticking with And the other reason I think it’s so hard is the whole reason I think data visualization is so hard - because it’s where a bunch of different fields meet. The first is that the coordinate system discussed above is a options. One other issue we found is that some browsers (most notably, Safari) The writing was over before I knew it, and we've sold way more copies than I expected! Welcome to JS Party! [00:27:54.26] That’s so cool. There's existing content written on D3, but there's always room for another voice. In our pganalyze charts, we use d3 for scales, helpers for stacking area series data, bisectors for finding data points near the cursor, and for generating path data (the d attribute) for line and area charts. With dozens of code examples showing each step, you can gain new insights into your data by creating visualizations. I think that’s part of why people have such a hard time learning D3 - they jump into the deep end, because it’s so easy to get there, and then you kind of have to swim upstream to figure out what everything does. It turns out that there is a fair bit of overlap in functionality between a React and D3 – we’ll discuss how we can create blazing fast charts using the two together. parents size and position their children by subdividing the parent's The book was really hard, related to what I was saying before, because I’m used to working on the web, where you can have links, and you say “Oh, here’s a list”, and I can refer to things on it, and everything’s interconnected… And then writing the book was like – it needs to have a linear flow, and that was probably the hardest part. [laughter]. I was writing ten hours a week, or something like that… Because I still had my full-time job, so in the evening I’d write a little bit; I’d have Saturday, I’d go to a coffee shop and write a little bit… So I guess it seems short, but it also felt long. [laughs] So Amelia has published a book called Fullstack D3 and Data Visualization, which is going to be linked in the show notes… And I would love to talk about the fact that you wrote a book because I think that is pretty freakin’ cool. The Pudding, like “have your pudding/eat pudding”, or what’s it called? HTML again, ad infinitum, just for kicks. (or touch or keyboard events) are captured and mapped back to data This defines the actual coordinate system to be used Yeah, I just found out about react-spring. With the help of Newline, Amelia wrote the book of over 600 pages, Fullstack D3 and Data Visualization. We relied heavily on SVG to build the charting updates we launched

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